British Dictionary definitions for carbon carbon noun a nonmetallic element existing in the three crystalline forms:
Its atomic number is 6; its atomic weight is It is a group IVA element, residing between boron and nitrogen on the The element carbon table. Carbon has 6 protons, 6 neutrons, and 6 electrons. Carbon is one of the few elements that occur in nature in its free elemental form native.
There are a number of forms of carbon, known as allotropes, which are composed of pure carbon atoms but are arranged in different crystal lattices.
Some of these forms include hexagonal graphite, rhombohedral graphite, diamond, buckminsterfullerene, and amorphous carbon not really a crystalline form. Most forms of carbon, excluding diamond, are black to grey-black in color. Depending on the amount of graphite, amorphous carbon, or other contaminating elements, diamond can be found in colors ranging from clear water white through shades of black, gray, yellow, red, orange, blue, and green.
Pure carbon is a relatively reactive element and combines directly with many chemical elements, especially those considered oxidizing agents. Carbon has a particularly strong affinity for oxygen either in the form of gaseous oxygen, or as oxygen contained in chemical combination with other elements.
Its ability to combine with oxygen makes it both a powerful and useful reducing agent a substance that donates electrons resulting in reduction of the charge of the ion or atom being reduced. The most important impact carbon has on the human race is the fact that carbon is the basic building block of life, as we know it.
Every plant, animal, and everything in between that is alive is based on carbon. No form of life on the planet earth is without carbon in its structure.
The entire science of organic chemistry, which is the study of carbon compounds, is based on carbon.References: Los Alamos National Laboratory (), Crescent Chemical Company (), Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry () What’s in a name?ashio-midori.com Carbon as an element was discovered by the first person to handle charcoal from fire.
Thus, together with sulfur, iron, tin, lead, copper, mercury, silver, and gold, carbon was one of the small group of elements well known in the ancient world. Activated carbon (also called activated charcoal) is a form of processed carbon that is extremely porous and with very large surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
Just one gram of activated carbon has a surface area in excess of m 2 (determined by nitrogen gas adsorption).ashio-midori.com · Interesting Carbon Facts. Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen.
2. The three forms of carbon found freely in nature are the amorphous, graphite, and diamond, and each form has vastly different ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com Thank you for visiting our website! Below you will be able to find the answer to "The element carbon, e.g." crossword ashio-midori.com site contains over million crossword clues in which you can find whatever clue you are looking ashio-midori.com://crosswordcom/clue/the-element-carbon-eg.
Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe. NASA’s Infrared Space Telescope Spitzer has identified buckminsterfullerene (buckyballs) equal in mass to 15 of our moons in the Small Magellanic Cloud dwarf galaxy.
Image by NASA/ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com