His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War.
Causes, Costs and Consequences: The American Civil War turned out to be a revolution indeed. But its striking achievement was the triumph of industrial capitalism.
The industrial capitalist, through their political spokesmen, the Republicans, had succeeded in capturing the state and using it as an instrument to strengthen their economic position.
Historians studying economic growth in 19th century America found that the war had not spurred economic growth, and argued industrialization would have occurred without the war. The war was seen as an unfortunate interruption to the development of the American Economy that was of little interest to economic historians.
The Beards may have been off the mark in claiming that the war accelerated industrial growth, but a strong case can be made for their claim that the rapid commercial and industrial growth in the Northern states before the war played a part in fanning the regional tensions between the industrial North and the rural South.
Slavery and the Economics of the Civil War Slavery had been an uncomfortable fact of life in the United States since the founding of the republic. The constitution was carefully crafted to protect the right to own slaves.
Most people at that time were willing to accept the fact that theenslaved African Americans living in the United States would be treated as property, not people. Almost all of this slave property was owned by people in the Southern states, where the chattel labor formed the backbone of a plantation economy that produced tobacco, rice, sugar, and a little bit of cotton.
Many Northerners had a distinct dislike of slavery; however they assumed that the Northwest Ordinance ofwhich prohibited slavery north of the Ohio River, would effectively keep the slave population in the South.
The United States in was an economy struggling to survive in a mercantilist world. Second was the emergence of a cotton textile industry in Great Britain, which created a demand for American cotton.
Finally, the acquisition of the Louisiana Purchase in significantly expanded the territory suitable for plantation agriculture. Taken together, these events transformed the United States from the struggling economy of into a bustling exporter of cotton by the end of the war of It is difficult to exaggerate the effect these economic changes had on the political and social development of the United States.
Figure 1 charts the increasing value of the stock of slaves from to Far from dying out, slavery was expanding at an increasing rate right up to the eve of the Civil War. The economic problem of slavery was difficult for politicians to deal with because it proved to be very compatible with the capitalistic marketplace in the United States.
Southern planters, they pointed out, not only grew cotton, rice and tobacco; they also grew slaves. Slavery was thefoundation the Southern economy. The staple crops grown by slaves in the South were a pivotal part of the rapid economic growth of the entire United States in the antebellum period.
Cotton exports accounted for two-thirds of the value of American exports, and one-fourth of the income accruing to all whites in the slave states could be attributed to slave labor in While Southern farmers continued to plant more cotton, acquire more slaves and settle more land, things in the North were changing.
Industries expanded; canals and railroads stretched from the Atlantic to the Mississippi; interregional trade flows expanded at a prodigious rate, and immigrants flooded into the cities of the North. The Southern vision of political economy was shaped by an economic system that was basically static in nature.
As historian James McPherson notes, When secessionists protested in that they were acting to preserve traditional rights and values they were correct.Bernie Sanders was a portent of the populist left’s rise.
Now even Dianne Feinstein looks vulnerable. Civil War Reconstruction Essay examples - The period of Reconstruction began immediately after the Civil War and ended in This era is known for the advancements made in favor of racial equality. Economically, the Civil War wasn't a contest between equals.
The South had no factories to produce guns or ammunition, and its railroads were small and weren't interconnected, meaning that it was hard for the South to move food, weapons, and men quickly and over long distances.
In addition, though. Banks and Politics in America from the Revolution to the Civil War [Bray Hammond] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This is a book about politics and banks and history. Yet politicians who read it will see that the author is not a politician. History of the Civil War: - Kindle edition by James Ford Rhodes.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading History of the Civil War: A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah