The award winner is Meghan C.
Gresham College and the formation of the Royal Society The Invisible College has been described as a precursor group to the Royal Society of London, consisting of a number of natural philosophers around Robert Boyle.
The concept of "invisible college" is mentioned in German Rosicrucian pamphlets in the early 17th century. The Royal Society started from groups of physicians and natural philosophersmeeting at a variety of locations, including Gresham College in London.
They were influenced by the " new science ", as promoted by Francis Bacon in his New Atlantisfrom approximately onwards.
I will not say, that Mr Oldenburg did rather inspire the French to follow the English, or, at least, did help them, and hinder us. And not only these Philosophic Meetings were before Mr Oldenburg came from Paris; but the Society itself was begun before he came hither; and those who then knew Mr Oldenburg, understood well enough how little he himself knew of philosophic matter.
On 28 Novemberthe committee of 12 announced the formation of a "College for the Promoting of Physico-Mathematical Experimental Learning", which would meet weekly to discuss science and run experiments. At the second meeting, Sir Robert Moray announced that the King approved of the gatherings, and a royal charter was signed on 15 July which created the "Royal Society of London", with Lord Brouncker serving as the first president.
A second royal charter was signed on 23 Aprilwith the king noted as the founder and with the name of "the Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge"; Robert Hooke was appointed as Curator of Experiments in November.
This initial royal favour has continued and, since then, every monarch has been the patron of the society. These experiments varied in their subject area, and were both important in some cases and trivial in others. The Society returned to Gresham in The first proposal was given by John Evelyn to Robert Boyle in a letter dated 3 September ; he suggested a grander scheme, with apartments for members and a central research institute.
The pointed lightning conductor had been invented by Benjamin Franklin inwhile Benjamin Wilson invented blunted ones. During the same time period, it became customary to appoint society fellows to serve on government committees where science was concerned, something that still continues.
The number of fellows had increased from to approximately bythe reputation of the society had increased under the presidency of Sir Isaac Newton from until his death in and editions of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society were appearing regularly.
After unsuccessfully applying to Queen Anne for new premises, and asking the trustees of Cotton House if they could meet there, the council bought two houses in Crane Court, Fleet Streeton 26 October Although the overall fellowship contained few noted scientists, most of the council were highly regarded, and included at various times John HadleyWilliam Jones and Hans Sloane.
This continued intoat which point the treasurer began dealing harshly with fellows who had not paid. The circle had Birch elected secretary and, following the resignation of Martin Folkesthe circle helped oversee a smooth transition to the presidency of Earl Macclesfieldwhom Hardwicke helped elect.
The circle also influenced goings-on in other learned societies, such as the Society of Antiquaries of London.
Somerset House, while larger than Crane Court, was not satisfying to the fellows; the room to store the library was too small, the accommodation was insufficient and there was not enough room to store the museum at all.
As a result, the museum was handed to the British Museum in and the library was extended to two rooms, one of which was used for council meetings. The scientific Fellows of the Society were spurred into action by this, and eventually James South established a Charters Committee "with a view to obtaining a supplementary Charter from the Crown", aimed primarily at looking at ways to restrict membership.
The Committee recommended that the election of Fellows take place on one day every year, that the Fellows be selected on consideration of their scientific achievements and that the number of fellows elected a year be limited to This limit was increased to 17 in and 20 in ;  it is currently[ when?
Second, the number of Fellows was significantly reduced—between andthe number of Fellows rose from approximately to approximately From then untilthe total number of Fellows was always between and The most important change there was the requirement that the Treasurer publish an annual report, along with a copy of the total income and expenditure of the Society.
These were to be sent to Fellows at least 14 days before the general meeting, with the intent being to ensure the election of competent Officers by making it readily apparent what existing Officers were doing.
This was accompanied by a full list of Fellows standing for Council positions, where previously the names had only been announced a couple of days before.
As with the other reforms, this helped ensure that Fellows had a chance to vet and properly consider candidates. In Augustthe government announced their intention to refurbish Burlington House and move the Royal Academy and other societies there.
The Academy moved inwhile other societies joined when their facilities were built. The Royal Society moved there intaking up residence in the East Wing. One flaw was that there was not enough space for the office staff, which was then approximately eighty.
When, for example, the Society organised the British contribution to the International Geophysical Year inadditional facilities had to be found for the staff outside Burlington House.Misc thoughts, memories, proto-essays, musings, etc. And on that dread day, the Ineffable One will summon the artificers and makers of graven images, and He will command them to give life to their creations, and failing, they and their creations will be dedicated to the flames.
The winner of the first-ever Notes and Records Essay Award was publicly announced at a reception at the Royal Society on 21st May.
The winner is Daniel Mitchell, for his essay entitled. Sons of the American Revolution. The National Society Sons of the American Revolution (NSSAR) is the premier male lineage society with sixteen U.S.
Presidents and twenty seven Medal of Honor recipient Compatriots on our member rolls. Notes and Records is the Royal Society's journal on the history of science.
Each issue highlights fascinating examples of science shaping our lives, reveali.
The records contain information including Fellows’ names and titles, dates of birth, death and election to the Society, offices held, Society medals won and lectures delivered.
They may also include details of a Fellow's education, career, and membership of other societies. Royal Society Awards & Honours The Royal Society is a Fellowship of the world's most eminent scientists and is the oldest scientific academy in MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology Menu.