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This innate curiosity leads us to try to understand the workings of the world. Thus when faced with uncertainty or distrust of an alleged true belief, we would start investigations to try and obtain justified true belief. This essay shall maintain that doubt is required to obtain knowledge if there is an anomaly between the alleged truth and one's observations.
The essay would thus look at how doubt is used in areas of natural sciences and religion to obtain knowledge and examine the extent doubt is required to obtain knowledge in these areas of knowing.
In the area of natural sciences, knowledge has always been seen as provisional. David Hume's approach towards induction and causation in science philosophy remains sceptical about human powers of reasoning as he argues that inductive reasoning is based on expectation and psychology, not logic and science.
Hence doubting the validity of inductive reasoning leads us to search for more conclusive ways to obtain knowledge. To bypass this supposed flaw of inductive reasoning, according to Karl Popper, science proceeds not in an inductive fashion but by making bold generalizations that falsify the statement.
Hence one should doubt that the theory is true and find evidence to prove that the hypothesis is false rather than try to prove that is it true via inductive reasoning. With Popper's philosophy, it is assumed that though absolute truth may exist, it would be impossible for us to know whether or not we have attained it.
During our pursuit of knowledge, we may be brought closer to the truth but we can never know if we have managed to attain absolute truth as not being able to falsify the statement now does not mean that the statement would not hold it future.
It remains to be seen if the theorem still holds in future when mass of an object can be converted into energy. Though it may be unknown if absolute truth is obtained, doubting the hypothesis and trying to falsify it narrow or even close the gap, bringing us closer to the absolute truth and subsequently enable us to obtain more knowledge.
Thomas Kuhn on the other hand, has another theory on the structure of scientific revolution which also supports the claim that doubt is the key to knowledge. Kuhn argued that science does not progress via a linear accumulation of new knowledge, but is punctuated by revolutions in which the nature of scientific inquiry within a particular field is abruptly transformed.
When there is an anomaly with the existing paradigm, doubt regarding the accuracy of the paradigm develops. Hence a new theory would be put forward to resolve the anomaly, resulting in a paradigm shift and an assumed step close to the truth.
When young, I was taught that Pluto was a planet. However after much scientific debate between scientists, Pluto is no longer classified as a planet. After this paradigm shift, knowledge about astronomy would maintain its linear accumulation.
· Doubt is the middle ground between blind acceptance and outright refusal to believe. Doubt lends itself to a certain uncomfortable feeling of questioning but is a necessary tool to reach perceived truth and ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com · knowledge, been published as exemplars or used by the IBO for any other purpose, including training. The total score shown for each essay is the total score that was ashio-midori.com Doubt has been one of the key elements in attaining knowledge. Knowledge and doubt – two very unlike things as knowledge, according to Plato is “justified true belief” which implies an epistemologic certainty with “justified” and also a psychological certainty with “belief”, whereas doubt means “uncertainty”ashio-midori.com
This doubt would spur people to try to close the gap between the absolute truth and the beliefs we have due to the continuous want to erase the doubt and close the gap. Thus doubt is crucial in one's search for knowledge as if one rejects everything that opposes the theory then one may inadvertently reject improvements to one's knowledge.
One might take an approach of confirmation bias towards the anomalies between the theory and observations instead of doubting it. The flaw of the theory would not be found and one would be unable to gain new knowledge from trying to find a reason for the flaw and erase it by coming with a new theory which is closer to the absolute truth.
On the other hand, there are other factors besides doubt that result in the discovery of new knowledge.
Observations and testing of hypothesis are the fundamentals in science and doubt between the observation and hypothesis may result in new knowledge.
New knowledge may also result from the accidental realisation that the theorem doesn't hold or a chance discovery. In the area of biology, many new species of plants and animals are discovered when researchers explore new places.
Penicillin and Pluto was also discovered by accident, not by doubt. However, if one adopts the confirmation bias approach, one would reject the evidence and not doubt the previous findings, thus the old knowledge would still seem to hold.
So although the discovery of the flaw was not due to doubt of the theorem, it was subsequent doubt that arose after the evidence that allowed us to gain new knowledge. Philosophical scepticism of Popper's theory however argues that justification of falsifying the theory is subjective.To What Extent Is Doubt The Key To Knowledge?
Essay Sample. As a Persian Proverb once said, “Doubt is the key to knowledge.” Doubt is one of the factors that influence the expansion of knowledge. Thus, although doubt lends to the progress of science and hence knowledge, it also has limitations which might prove detrimental to the growth of knowledge.
The next issue is that of religion. Religion is a collection of cultural systems, belief systems, and worldviews that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com Doubt is the key to knowledge “Doubt is the key to knowledge” (Persian Proverb).
To what extent is this true in two areas of knowledge? PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET AN AMAZING DISCOUNT 🙂 essaysashio-midori.com TOK glossary This TOK glossary helps you to understand the key ideas of theory of knowledge, and provides you with a powerful tool for your TOK essay and ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com The key to knowledge is therefore not doubt.
experience and consensus.
instead of looking for answers. but economists’ ambition to refine the existing theory. such as faith. 4. what keeps us living is not endless doubt but a search for conviction upon which many of the most treasured values are ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com //Doubt-is-the-Key-to-Knowledge This essay aims to evaluate and distinguish these two areas of knowledge, as well as determine the possible legitimacy and certainty that can be obtained from the knowledge claims produced in each field.