Now when the twentieth century is close to its end, we can say that the two seminal thinkers who have most influenced life and literature in this century are Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud-though the former had his birth and death in the nineteenth.
He was born into a middle-class Jewish family in Freiburg, Moravia, now part of Czechoslovakia, but then a city in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the age of 4, he moved to Vienna, where he spent nearly his entire life.
In he entered the medical school at the University of Vienna and spent the following eight years pursuing a wide range of studies, including philosophy, in addition to the medical curriculum. After graduating, he worked in several clinics and went to Paris to study under Jean-Martin Charcot, a neurologist who used hypnosis to treat the symptoms of hysteria.
When Freud returned to Vienna and set up practice as a clinical neurologist, he found orthodox therapies for nervous disorders ineffective for most of his patients, so he began to use a modified version of the hypnosis he had learned under Charcot.
Gradually, however, he discovered that it was not necessary to put patients into a deep trance; rather, he would merely encourage them to talk freely, saying whatever came to mind without self-censorship, in order to bring unconscious material to the surface, where it could be analyzed.
He found that this method of free association very often evoked memories of traumatic events in childhood, usually having to do with sex.
This reversal is a matter of some controversy today. Out of this clinical material he constructed a theory of psychosexual development through oral, anal, phallic and genital stages.
These investigations led him to his theory of a three-part structure of personality: His theories have had a profound impact on psychology, anthropology, art, and literature, as well as on the thinking of millions of ordinary people about their own lives. Her major work was The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense p> Bibliomania - Free Online Literature and Study Guides Bibliomania brings you the internet's best collection of classic texts and study resources.
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Literature Review on Dreams: Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis Freud initiated a therapy called psychoanalysis towards helping patients overcome mental problems, using an in depth analyze of a . Literature Review on Dreams: Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis Freud initiated a therapy called psychoanalysis towards helping patients overcome mental problems, using an in depth analyze of a .
Freud on Art and Literature Essay by Ethan Cross Freud on Art and Literature The paper looks at Freud's conceptions about art and literature and the creative forces of motivation on an author.
Freud was steeped in classical European literature but seems initially to have repressed all literary inﬂuences on his scientiﬁc work. Frankland traces their reemergence, examining in detail Freud’s many literary allusions and quotations as well as the rhetoric and imagery of his writing. By applying psychoanalytic criticism to this novel it clearly becomes an interesting work of investigative journalism that could be classed as valued Australian literature.
Psychoanalytic Criticism is defined by Moon (, p) " as seeing literary texts as representing the unconscious thoughts and desires shared by members of a culture.