John Jay The Federalist The text of this version is primarily taken from the first collected "McLean edition", but spelling and punctuation have been modernized, and some glaring errors -- mainly printer's lapses -- have been corrected.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Seventy-seven of the essays first appeared serially in New York newspapers, were reprinted in most other states, and were published in book form as The Federalist on May 28, ; the remaining eight essays appeared in New York newspapers between June 14 and August 16, National Archives, Washington, D.
However, computer analysis and historical evidence has led nearly all historians to assign authorship in the following manner: Hamilton wrote numbers 1, 6—9, 11—13, 15—17, 21—36, 59—61, and 65—85; Madison, numbers 10, 14, 18—20, 37—58, and 62—63; and Jay, numbers 2—5 and The authors of the Federalist papers presented a masterly defense of the new federal system and of the major departments in the proposed central government.
As a general treatise on republican government, the Federalist papers are distinguished for their comprehensive analysis of the means by which the ideals of justicethe general welfare, and the rights of individuals could be realized.
The establishment of a republican form of government would not of itself provide protection against such characteristics: The possibility of good government, they argued, lay in the crafting of political institutions that would compensate for deficiencies in both reason and virtue in the ordinary conduct of politics.
This theme was predominant in late 18th-century political thought in America and accounts in part for the elaborate system of checks and balances that was devised in the Constitution.
The authors of the Federalist papers argued against the decentralization of political authority under the Articles of Confederation. They worried, for example, that national commercial interests suffered from intransigent economic conflicts between states and that federal weakness undermined American diplomatic efforts abroad.
The authors were also critical of the power assumed by state legislatures under the Articles of Confederation—and of the characters of the people serving in those assemblies. Unlike most Americans of the period, who typically worried about the conspiracies of the elite few against the liberties of the people, the authors were concerned about tyrannical legislative majorities threatening the rights of propertied minorities.
He argued that stability, liberty, and justice were more likely to be achieved in a large area with a numerous and heterogeneous population.
Although frequently interpreted as an attack on majority rule, the essay is in reality a defense of both social, economic, and cultural pluralism and of a composite majority formed by compromise and conciliation. Decision by such a majority, rather than by a monistic one, would be more likely to accord with the proper ends of government.
This distinction between a proper and an improper majority typifies the fundamental philosophy of the Federalist papers; republican institutions, including the principle of majority rule, were not considered good in themselves but were good because they constituted the best means for the pursuit of justice and the preservation of liberty.The Federalist Papers were written and published during the years and in several New York State newspapers to persuade New York voters to ratify the proposed constitution.
In total, the Federalist Papers consist of 85 essays outlining how this new government would operate and why this type of government was the best choice for the United States of America.
The Federalist Papers in a complete, easy to read e-text. Welcome to our Federalist Papers e-text. The Federalist Papers were written and published during the years and in several New York State newspapers to persuade New York voters to ratify the proposed constitution. Clear Search Input. Cancel.
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The Federalist 1. General Introduction. Hamilton for the Independent Journal. To the People of the State of New York: AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America.