High School Statutory Authority: Reading, where students read and understand a wide variety of literary and informational texts; Writing, where students compose a variety of written texts with a clear controlling idea, coherent organization, and sufficient detail; Research, where students are expected to know how to locate a range of relevant sources and evaluate, synthesize, and present ideas and information; Listening and Speaking, where students listen and respond to the ideas of others while contributing their own ideas in conversations and in groups; and Oral and Written Conventions, where students learn how to use the oral and written conventions of the English language in speaking and writing.
Other pre-World War I subcultures were smaller social groupings of hobbyists or a matter of style and philosophy amongst artists and bohemian poets. In Germany, from onward there developed a movement of young men and later young women which focused on freedom and natural environments.
Called Wandervogel translated as "hikers", "ramblers" or, more precisely, "migratory birds"they wanted to throw off the strict rules of society and be more open and natural. The first known organized club for nudistsFreilichtpark Free-Light Parkwas opened near HamburgGermany, in In Italy, a popular art movement and philosophy called Futurism championed change, speed, violence and machines.
Consequently, men with short hair appeared to have been at the front in the war, while men with longer hair might be thought of as pacifists and cowards, even suspected of desertion.
Some artists managed to avoid the war by sitting it out in neutral Switzerland. Roaring Twenties Jazz music, previously restricted to mainly poor African-Americans, broke out as the musical craze of the s. In the s, American jazz music and motor cars were at the centre of a European subculture which began to break the rules of social etiquette and the class system See also Swing Kids and Flappers.
In America, the same "flaming youth" subculture was "running wild" but with the added complication of alcohol prohibition. Canada had prohibition in some areas, but for the most part, thirsty Americans coming over the border found an oasis. As a result, smuggling escalated as crime gangs became organized.
In the southern United States, Mexico and Cuba were popular with drinkers. Thus, a drinking subculture grew in size and a crime subculture grew along with it. Other drugs were used as alternatives to alcohol. When prohibition ended, the subculture of drink, drugs and jazz did not disappear, and neither did the gangsters.
The German nudist movement gained prominence in the s, but was suppressed during the Nazi Gleichschaltung after Adolf Hitler came to power.
Social nudism in the form of private clubs and campgrounds first appeared in the United States in the s. In Canada, it first appeared in British Columbia about and in Ontario nine years later.
In the art world, Surrealism was attempting to shock the world with their games and bizarre behavior. The Surrealists were at one and the same time a serious art movement and a parody of other art forms and political movements. Based in several European countries, Surrealism was destined for trouble when the Nazis came to power.
Subcultures and " degenerate art " were almost completely stamped out and replaced by the Hitler Youth. In North America, the Great Depression caused widespread unemployment and poverty, and a consequent malaise among adolescents that found its expression in urban youth gangs—the so-called "dead end kids.
The genre also found its expression in the kid gang comic book stories of Jack Kirby and Joe Simonincluding the Boy Commandos and Newsboy Legion features.
The Dust bowl disaster forced large numbers of rural Americans from Oklahoma and elsewhere to move their entire families to survive. They were labeled as " Okies " and treated poorly by the authorities in other states. Their refugee status was recorded in folk songs including many by Woody Guthrieas well as John Steinbeck 's novel, The Grapes of Wrathand the film adaptation starring Henry Fonda.
These artists arrived in the United States, where a subculture of surrealism and avant-garde experimentation developed in New York City, becoming the new centre of the art world.
American fashion remained gangster orientated, with gangs gravitating around immigrant and racial cultures. In CaliforniaHispanic youth developed the distinctive zoot suit fashion, such as the black widowswomen who dressed in black. The zoot suiters use of language involved rhyming and pig Latin also known as backslang.
This style, collectively known as Swing or Jive talk see: The entry of the United States into World War II was heralded by new legislation making zoot suits illegal due to the extra cloth required. In Junewhite American servicemen stationed in Los Angeles rampaged through Mexican American neighborhoods, attacking young people wearing the suits and often stripping them, in what has become known as the Zoot Suit Riots.
The riots in Los Angeles were part of a nationwide phenomenon of urban disturbances arising out of wartime tensions exacerbating longstanding racial discrimination in America. The Zoot Suit Riots were unique in that the fashions of the largely Mexican American and some white and African-American victims made them the target of white servicemen stationed in the city, many of whom were from southern white towns.
In Europe, black-marketeers prospered under rationing. Clothing styles depended on what could be begged or acquired by some means, not necessarily legal; There were restrictions everywhere.
When the Americans arrived in Britain, black-marketeers, called Wide boys or Spivs made deals with GIs for stockingschocolate, etc.
Inevitably, subculture continued to have an image of criminality and the brave, the daring, the milieu, the resistance, etc. The black market in drugs thrived just about anywhere.
After the second war, the zoot suit craze spread to France in the form of the Zazou youths. Meanwhile, the intellectuals in France were forming an existentialist subculture around Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus in Paris cafe culture.
In post-war America, folk songs and cowboy songs also known, in those days, as hillbilly music were beginning to be more popular with a wider audience.Lexical Features Structure Features and Rhetorical Devices of English Newspaper Headlines Words | 6 Pages Features and Rhetorical Devices of English Newspaper Headlines 陈伟创 (, Class 1, Grade , SFS, SCNU) Abstract: With the development of mass media, newspaper is one of the major media for us to get information all over the world.
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(Conclusion) MOSHOOD FAYEMIWO, Cameron, Texas, USA When the True Lord God Almighty created Adam, he was created with 12 elements far above fallen Satan.
§ Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, High School, Beginning with School Year Sir Dirk Bogarde, distinguished film actor and writer, was born Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde on March 28, , to Ulric van den Bogaerde, the art editor of "The Times" (London) newspaper, and actress Margaret Niven in the London suburb of Hampstead.
The action came after President Trump on Friday described the media and what he terms "fake news" as "the enemy of the people."On the list were Trump-friendly outlets such as Breitbart News, the.