A look at ptolemaic egypt and the falcon of horus

After becoming pregnant with Horus, Isis fled to the Nile Delta marshlands to hide from her brother Setwho jealously killed Osiris and who she knew would want to kill their son. Mythological roles in hieroglyphs Sky god Since Horus was said to be the sky, he was considered to also contain the sun and moon. Later, the reason that the moon was not as bright as the sun was explained by a tale, known as The Contendings of Horus and Seth. In this tale, it was said that Set, the patron of Upper Egyptand Horus, the patron of Lower Egypthad battled for Egypt brutally, with neither side victorious, until eventually the gods sided with Horus.

A look at ptolemaic egypt and the falcon of horus

Its size reflects the relative prosperity of the time.

A look at ptolemaic egypt and the falcon of horus

It was built on the site of an earlier, smaller temple also dedicated to Horus, although the previous structure was oriented east-west rather than north-south as in the present site.

A ruined pylon lies just to the east of the current temple; inscriptional evidence has been found indicating a building program under the New Kingdom rulers Ramesses ISeti I and Ramesses II.

Inside the sanctuary at the centre of the temple. The blackened ceiling of the hypostyle hall, visible today, is believed to be the result of arson intended to destroy religious imagery that was then considered pagan. Local inhabitants built homes directly over the former temple grounds.

Only the upper reaches of the temple pylons were visible bywhen the temple was identified by a French expedition. In Auguste Mariettea French Egyptologistbegan the work of freeing Edfu temple from the sands. The Temple of Edfu is nearly intact and a very good example of an ancient Egyptian temple.

Construction & Location

Inaccess to the temple was revamped with the addition of a visitor center and paved carpark. Each year, "Hathor travelled south from her temple at Denderah to visit Horus at Edfu, and this event marking their sacred marriage was the occasion of a great festival and pilgrimage.

The courtyard columns at Edfu are closely copied in the frontage of the Works.Temple of Horus at Edfu, Egypt. The provincial town of Edfu has one of the best preserved cult temples in Egypt.

The temple is dedicated to the falcon headed god Horus. Aug 01,  · Ptolemaic Egypt and the Falcon of Horus The mummification of the falcon of Horus in Ptolemaic Egypt is a popular topic chosen by many students when writing their academic papers these days. The first thing that should be mentioned when analyzing this subject is that the society of Ancient Egypt is often called the greatest civilization that /5(62).

Horus, Egyptian Hor, Har, Her, or Heru, in ancient Egyptian religion, a god in the form of a falcon whose right eye was the sun or morning star, representing power and quintessence, and whose left eye was the moon or evening star, representing healing.

Falcon cults, which were in evidence from late predynastic times, were widespread in Egypt. Figure of Horus as a Falcon,Late period Egyptian-Ptolemaic Period, B.C.

Metal-Bronze. The Temple of Edfu is an Egyptian temple located on the west bank of the Nile in Edfu, Upper Egypt. The city was known in the Hellenistic period as Koine Greek: Ἀπόλλωνος πόλις and Latin Apollonopolis Magna, after the chief god Horus, who was identified as Apollo under the interpretatio graeca.

[1]. Nekheny may have been another falcon god worshipped at Nekhen, city of the falcon, with whom Horus was identified from early on.

The Temple Of Edfu

Horus may be shown as a falcon on the Narmer Palette, dating from about the 31st century BC. Note of changes over time. In early Egypt, Horus was the brother of Isis, Osiris, Set and Nephthys.

As different cults formed, he became the son of Isis and ashio-midori.coms: Osiris and Isis.

A LARGE EGYPTIAN BRONZE FALCON-HEADED HORUS , PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, B.C. | Christie's