Personal Identity can be broken down into three areas: In John Perry's "A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality" these composing aspects of personal identity are discussed at length. In the reading and class discussions the body was defined clearly as a part of one's person, even alluded to at times as a "prison" in which one cannot escape until one dies.
Philosophical intuition[ edit ] Bernard Williams presents a thought experiment appealing to the intuitions about what it is to be the same person in the future. For the first approach Williams suggests that suppose that there is some process by which subjecting two persons to it can result in the two persons have " exchanged " bodies.
The process has put into the body of person B the memoriesbehavioral dispositionsand psychological characteristics of the person who prior to undergoing the process belonged to person A ; and conversely with person B.
To show this one is to suppose that before undergoing the process person A and B are asked to which resulting person, A-Body-Person or B-Body-Person, they wish to receive a punishment and which a reward. Upon undergoing the process and receiving either the punishment or reward, it appears to that A-Body-Person expresses the memories of choosing who gets which treatment as if that person was person B; conversely with B-Body-Person.
This sort of approach to the thought experiment appears to show that since the person who expresses the psychological characteristics of person A to be person A, then intuition is that psychological continuity is the criterion for personal identity.
The second approach is to suppose that someone is told that one will have memories erased and then one will be tortured. Does one need to be afraid of being tortured? The intuition is that people will be afraid of being tortured, since it will still be one despite not having one's memories.
Next, Williams asked one to consider several similar scenarios.
However, the last scenario is an identical scenario to the one in the first scenario. To resolve this conflict Williams feels one's intuition in the second approach is stronger and if he was given the choice of distributing a punishment and a reward he would want his body-person to receive the reward and the other body-person to receive the punishment, even if that other body-person has his memories.
Psychological continuity[ edit ] In psychologypersonal continuity, also called personal persistence or self-continuity, is the uninterrupted connection concerning a particular person of his or her private life and personality.
Personal continuity is the union affecting the facets arising from personality in order to avoid discontinuities from one moment of time to another time. Personal continuity is the property of a continuous and connected period of time   and is intimately related to do with a person's body or physical being in a single four-dimensional continuum.
Associations can result from contiguitysimilarity, or contrast. Through contiguity, one associates ideas or events that usually happen to occur at the same time. Some of these events form an autobiographical memory in which each is a personal representation of the general or specific events and personal facts.
Ego integrity is the psychological concept of the ego 's accumulated assurance of its capacity for order and meaning. Ego identity is the accrued confidence that the inner sameness and continuity prepared in the past are matched by the sameness and continuity of one's meaning for others, as evidenced in the promise of a career.
Body and ego control organ expressions. For John Noon, David Hume undertook looking at the mind—body problem. Hume also investigated a person's character, the relationship between human and animal nature, and the nature of agency.
Hume pointed out that we tend to think that we are the same person we were five years ago.
Though we've changed in many respects, the same person appears present as was present then. We might start thinking about which features can be changed without changing the underlying self.
Hume, however, denies that there is a distinction between the various features of a person and the mysterious self that supposedly bears those features.Perry – A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality.
The First Day: Weirob’s Challenge to Miller (p. ): Show me how it could even be so much as possible that I survive the death and destruction of . Body theory of personal identity (perry) X and Y are the same person if and only if X and Y have the same body.
David from Perry dialogue says to think of bodily identity in person-stages--> it is conceivable to wake up in a different body and still be you so body theory is incorrect.
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1 Dialogue on Personal Identity & Immortality& Immortality Theories of Personal Identity • Same Soul Theory: A person at one time is the very same person as a person at a later time if and only if they have the very same immaterial soulvery same immaterial soul.
Essay Personal Identity Personal Identity can be broken down into three areas: 1.) Body 2.) Memory and 3.) Soul. In John Perry's "A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality" these composing aspects of personal identity are discussed at length.
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