After a full week of artillery bombardment, the offensive began in earnest on the morning of July 1,when soldiers from 11 British divisions emerged from their trenches near the Somme River in northwestern France and advanced toward the German front lines. The initial advance was a disaster, as the six German divisions facing the advancing British mowed them down with their machine guns, killing or wounding some 60, men on the first day alone: The failure of the advance was credited variously to the complete lack of surprise in the timing of the attack, incompetence on the part of Haig and the British command—namely, their failure to conceive that the Germans could build their trenches deep enough to protect their heavy weapons or bring them up so quickly once the artillery barrage had ended—and the inferior preparation of the British artillery, for which the infantry paid a heavy price. Visit Website Over the course of the next four-and-a-half months and no fewer than 90 attacks, the Allies were able to advance a total of only six miles in the Somme region, at the cost ofsoldiers killed and overmore injured.
Who fought at the Battle of the Somme? The battle was fought between the Allies British and French on one side and the German Empire on the other. Many of the British soldiers saw their first fighting at the Battle of the Somme.
They were part of a volunteer army called Kitchener's Army because they were recruited by Lord Kitchener. Groups within the army were called Pal's battalions because the volunteers were guaranteed to be placed in battalions with their friends and neighbors.
Troops attacking from the trenches Source: Library and Archives Canada Who were the leaders? Leading up to the Battle For nearly two years since the First Battle of the Marne, the two sides had been engaged in trench warfare along the western front.
The front had hardly moved. The British and French were planning a major offensive attack at the Somme in hopes of breaking the stalemate and pushing the Germans out of France.
However, their plans were changed when the Germans went on the offensive and attacked the French at the Battle of Verdun.
French troops were sent to Verdun to hold off the Germans. The French also demanded that the British push up the attack at the Somme from August 1st to July 1st in hopes that German forces would be diverted from Verdun to the Somme. They believed that this bombardment would destroy the front lines of the German trenches allowing the soldiers to walk in and take over.
They bombarded the Germans constantly for eight straight days with 3, guns. They fired over 1, shells.
However, the Germans were warned of the bombardment. They took shelter and waited. Little real damage was done to the German fortifications and many of the British shells were duds and never even exploded.
The Battle The Allied commanders refused to take warning that the bombardment didn't work. After eight days, on July 1,they ordered the attack. Thousands of British soldiers got out of their trenches and began to advance on the German lines.
They were easily gunned down by the Germans. It was the worst day in the history of British warfare. They suffered around 60, casualties including 20, dead on that first day of battle. Despite the heavy casualties, the Allies continued to attack.The two sources are both biased accounts of the Battle of the Somme with Lloyd George explaining bad things which happened in the battle and Haig explaining the good things that happened.
This leads me to conclude that they don’t give reliable views of the Battle of the Somme. SOURCE 4 – Sir Douglas Haig explaining the importance of heavy artillery at the Battle of the Somme in his book, dispatches, that was published after the war.
The enemy's position to be attacked was of a very formidable character, situated on a . "The Somme" covers the events surrounding 's Battle of the Somme with a renewed look at the evidence, in some cases reviewing previously held beliefs and claims about events.
In doing so, the book presents a very large amount of ashio-midori.coms: The Battle of the Somme, fought in northern France, was one of the bloodiest of World War One. For five months the British and French armies fought the Germans in a brutal battle of attrition on a.
A detailed history of the Battle of the Somme that includes includes images, quotations and the main facts of the issue. Key Stage 3. GCSE British History. A-level.
First World War. Great WAr.
World War One. Last updated on 12th July, The class could study the planning and progress of the first day of the Somme. They could then write a short script for a news report on the battle.